Category Archives: Ducks

Backyard Permaculture!

Digging the first swale in 2006.

2007.  First year’s garden after our Permaculture design implementation began.

The garden in August of 2013.

It now includes ducks, chickens, honeybee hives, annual and perennial food crops, 20 fruit trees, berries, grapes, fruit-bearing shrubs, medicinal herbs, dye and cordage plants, 3000 gallons of rainwater catchment, a rainwater-fed pond-to-garden system, a greywater-fed garden (left of the pathway), prolific backyard composting operation and an operating greenhouse built with 95% recycled materials.  All on a 6000 square foot lot with a 1200 square foot house and a five minute walk to downtown.   Urban Permaculture! 

Letters from the Kids

These letters just came in the mail from the first graders who visited us last month. Excuse their spelling errors. It is their thoughts that really count.

We had two hours together. They fed snails and worms to the ducks, checked the temperature of the compost piles, examined our rainwater-fed duck pond and fed the fish in it, harvested Calendula flowers, explored the greenhouse made of recycled redwood and salvaged stained glass, collected warm chicken eggs, heard a Mockingbird do a variety of other birds’ calls, decorated easter eggs with berries and flowers, and ate lunch in the garden.

Dear Suzanne, 
I lovd the ducks and I also lovd feeding the ducks and also lovd the chickins. I also lovd holding the snales and worms. I also lovd wen we were picking the flawers. And I also lovd macking the Easter eggs and I also lovd finding eggs. That was fun wen we wer living (leaving) at the last moment a chickin lade a egg. Thank you it was a funn day.
Love, Tierra

Dear Suzanne, 
 I liked the ducks because I like the noise they made. I liked the chickens noises and thair soft fethers and i also liked the stinky-stinky-stinky composts. It was enteresting checing the dugrees and the hot hot mud by mud i meen soiol (soil). And I alsow liked painting the eggs. Thank yuo for inviting us to your farm. 
 Sincerely, Alex 

 Dear Suzanne, 
 I liked feeding the ducks. I also liked peting the chickens. I also liked harvesting the flowers. I liked the smell of the farm. I also liked hearing the sound of the birds. I also liked decorating the Easter Eggs. I also liked collecting the chicken eggs. I also liked going in the greenhouse. 
 Love, Devi 



Dear Suzanne, 
 I loved wen wee fed the ducks snails. I liked peting the chicen. I like how you dye peices of cloth it looks reale cool. I also liked wen wee dyeed Easter eggs. And I thingk that it is cool the way you get water in the duck pool. And I thingk it was reely fun! Thank you a lot! 
Sincerely, Zoe

This boy had a really hard time settling into the visit here. He wouldn’t touch anything or participate until the very end when I led him into the greenhouse to meet a worm. I left him there and he stayed for a long time emerging happy and with a new friend in his hand.

Dear Suzanne, 
I lovd making frinds with a worm. Gathering flowers and decorating eggs was fantastic. I loved the greenhouse. The colored glass and the special wood and the plants made it really beautful. I loved your garden. 
Thank you. 
From, 
Nathan


THIS is why I work with kids here at the ol’ homestead.

Indian Runner Ducks for the Urban Homestead


We have just added two Indian Runner ducklings to our flock of Khaki Campbells. These are the two most recommended breeds for the backyard flock. Both are good foragers and highly productive egg layers. The female Indian Runner lays 150-200 eggs a year or more. They were discovered on the Indonesian Islands of Lombok, Java and Bali where they were “walked’ to market and sold as egg layers or for meat. They are highly comical as they walk upright like penguins. I have loved “Ferdinand” in the movie BABE since I first laid eyes on him!


These girls will be mainly foragers and slug and snail control. Secondly, they will be egg layers. We have found ducks to lay consistently for only a couple of years. Our chickens have been productive for a longer period of time. We cull the chickens as their production wanes. We do not cull the ducks. They become pets. We are far more enamored with our ducks than with our chickens.

O.k., our original Americauna has been spared out of pure sentimentality! And…. we can’t cull our Aracauna because we are too attached to her hawk-like looks and wild-bird ways. We love it when she gets fed up with the other hens’ bad behavior and flies the coop to take respite in the Redwood tree! Plus, she’s just beautiful! Sorry, I digress…. back to the ducklings. I must confess! I am totally in love with these little girls! They are the cutest thing I’ve ever seen and just as sweet as pie. They are only four days old and their personality is already showing!


My husband named this one Daisy. She’s a bit more ‘Dazey’ than the flower. She kind of goes through her day eating, pooping, sleeping. You know, the usual baby thing. She doesn’t care that she has food all over her face. So what!


This one on the other hand looks you right straight in the eye with pure joy. She is just as pleased as punch to have landed here on earth. She likes to run around happily, smiling as she goes. A duck ‘smile’ is when they open their bill for no reason other than pure delight!

Welcome to the homestead girls!

The Problem is the Solution


The Permaculture Principle “The Problem is the Solution” rings true.

Bill Mollison once said, “You don’t have a snail problem. You have a duck deficiency”. We’ll we have certainly found that to be true around here. With our four backyard ducks our garden is completely snail-free. On our front porch can be found a bucket labeled, “SNAIL DEPOSITORY”. Our neighbors bring their snails to us and our ducks can’t get enough of them. The ducks turn all that good protein into big nutritious eggs year-round. And, our neighbors don’t have to put out toxic pesticides to solve their snail problems.

I post our need for snails on our neighborhood Yahoo Group list and the snails just arrive. I do ask that they come from pesticide-free gardens. Snails are dropped off at all hours of the day and night. I check the bucket daily and the ducks know it by sight when it’s heading their way. We just call, “duckies!” and all four girls come running up the pathway. It makes us laugh every time. Everybody’s happy.


Another example of this principle comes from our much loved BOVINE BAKERY just downtown. Their tag line is “Bringing fresh, organic, handmade pastries and strong, organic coffee to Petaluma and Pt. Reyes Station“. They have a abundance of kitchen scraps (fruits, vegetables, eggshells and coffee grounds) they don’t want to put in the landfill. We use it to beef up the volume of our compost. Whew! It’s working too. We have been making some beautiful, hot compost around here. Another win-win.

The Case of the Sneaky Chicken


Well… it has certainly been a while!

We’ve added a second 1350 gallon rainwater tank and a 150 gallon duck pond. The rainwater tanks and the pond are full and the rain is still coming down!
We collect our rainwater off of our asphalt shingle roof so we had some concerns about asphalt residue, fungicides, etc. ending up in the rainwater we collected. Brad Landcaster mentions in his rainwater harvesting book the idea that asphalt roofs might leach only when it’s hot out and not when it’s raining in the winter. We were still unsure. So, we filled the new duck pond and put a dozen goldfish in to see if they would live or die. Not a single fish died! The ducks love bathing and swimming in their new pond (really just a 150 gallon Rubbermaid stock tank). They poop while they frolic and the fish eat the poop. It’s an idea we read about in Bill Mollison’s big permaculture manual.
The pond does not have a pump or filter. The rainwater tanks gravity feed water to the pond through a hose. The pond has it’s own hose out a spigot at the bottom which we use to water the garden (also gravity fed). The pond water contains nutrients from both the duck and the fish poop. Everyone and everything benefits. The rainwater tank overflow fills the swales in the garden and sinks the water on site for future use. As we drain the pond to the garden we refill it with the fresh rainwater. The system actually works. Amazing.
So, back to the case of the “sneaky chicken”….
The ducks got a new duck house to go with their pond and I guess the chickens got envious. One morning not long after the new duck house was set up I did my usual morning rounds. I opened the duck house door and the they all came piling out. A few seconds later out came a chicken! I could not figure out why one duck would not go in the night before. Well, there are four ducks and four nest boxes. I guess she had gone in there and found her nest box occupied and came back out refusing to share with the likes of a chicken. I kind of felt bad since I had physically picked her up and shoved her in there not knowing the whole story. So, out came the chicken who immediately ran over to the chicken coop and begged to be let back in. She has not flown the coop since.

Duck Season! Chicken Season!


We just found out why the salad bed looks like it has had ducks foraging in it. It’s because ducks have been foraging in it! They found a way to squeeze through the remesh pea trellis and have their way with the chard and the lettuces. Everything else they leave alone- collards, romanesco, broccoli, kales, onions, mustards, tatsoi, arugula, mizuna, cilantro, cabbages, sugar snap peas…. What a quacking commenced when they realized they’d been found out! It clearly translated to “It wasn’t me! I swear!”. They were then put back to work on the outside of the drift fence surrounding the ‘off limits’ bed to gobble up sow bugs, earwigs, slugs and snails.

With the exception of this incursion we have throughly enjoyed this breed of backyard duck. Khaki Campbells seem to be a perfect size for the urban homestead. They are happy with a tub of fresh water to bathe in, a pan of chicken mash and scratch with crushed oyster shell to nibble on and free range of the entire backyard. They put themselves to bed at night in an old dog house outfitted with nest boxes and dry hay for bedding. We lock the dog house door each night for their safety. They are a whole lot less work than the chickens who have to be confined (bunch of teenagers that they are) because they’ll trash the place otherwise.

I came out to the yard the other day to find the chickens had been let out. “Oh Great!” I thought, “What have they destroyed now?”. I found that my neighbor had enlisted the chickens and the ducks to work the compost into the garden bed he had just amended for winter. The chickens were scratching and the ducks were dabbling. They were just doing what they do naturally.

Even though the days are getting shorter the ducks keep laying their eggs right on schedule. The chicken eggs are petering out slowly. The two Araucanas and the Barred Rock are taking turns slacking off. One day it will be two blue eggs (Araucana) and no brown (Barred Rock ). Then, the next day it will be one brown and no blues. With the abundance of wonderful ‘weeds’ now growing everywhere we’ve been able to provide the chickens with lots and lots of greens in addition to their grain and alfalfa hay. The color of their egg yolks has been spectacular lately. A boost in nutrition for all of us. Soon, the neighbors will start bringing snails over and we’ll step it up another level. We have a neighborhood e-mail list on which I recently sent out a request for snails. Since we got the ducks we are virtually snail-free. Now, if we can teach them to eat voles and gophers….

Don’t get me wrong we love the chickens and their eggs. We’re just trying to simplify the system around here.

Summer’s End/Be Careful What You Wish For!








Well… there are bins of fruit piled everywhere- peaches, plums, pears, apples, grapes, and blackberries. The house smells sweet. It’s difficult to keep up. We’ve been harvesting, canning, and juicing. We’ve been making pies, cobblers, sauces and cider with our cider press.

We are trying to keep up with the 15 different kinds of tomatoes we’re growing. They go well with all of the pesto we’ve been making and freezing. It’s been great putting all of that homegrown garlic to good use. We’ve been blanching the tomatoes in boiling water for two minutes, slipping their skins off and freezing them in nice manageable portions. The freezer is full of tomatoes for sauces and soups, grated zucchini for bread, sliced apples and peaches for pies. It’s going to be a tasty winter!

We have a pumpkin the size of a Mack truck growing out into the street. We came home the other day to find a young man sitting in a beach chair next to it. He said when he saw the pumpkin “It just looked like a nice place to sit and hang out”. That made us smile.

While we’re on the subject of Mack trucks we are growing Hubbard and Musque de Provence squash for the first time. Let’s just say it has inspired us to have people over for dinner (often). They are huge and delicious! We’ll do a whole blog on squash next time. They’ve completely taken over the yard. The bees love the blossoms and ducks enjoy foraging for slugs and sow-bugs under them. I pruned off all of the leaves with mildew last week and to look out there now you’d never know.

The kids had fun harvesting carrots and potatoes. They’ve loved eating sweet corn right in the garden. They stand out there under the tall stalks munching on a cob and giggling. The giant sunflowers have charmed and amazed them. They have been sharing the seeds with the Scrub Jays who are busy planting next year’s crop as we speak.

The chickens and ducks are laying eggs now and the kids have enjoyed gathering the eggs. Two blues (Aracauna), one brown (Barred Rock) and two white duck eggs a day. Ping is still working on her egg-laying technique. She’s only laid soft-shelled eggs so far. We’re giving all of the birds oyster shell to supplement their calcium intake. They also make good use of the lucerne (alfalfa) that we grow in small patches around the yard. The chickens get it in hay form and the ducks graze on the fresh plants. It is also a good source of calcium.

The honeybees are busy filling the hive boxes with honey for the coming winter. The Mullein has been blooming for them for a good six months and there are still sunflowers full of pollen. We watched them drinking out of the birdbath today. This summer has been tough on them. They have fought yellow-jackets, ants and now wax moth larva. We’ll be opening the hive soon to assess the situation. Cross your fingers.

It’s time to get out there and start planning the winter garden.

Harvesting the Winter Garden





Well it’s been a while… It’s a busy time in the garden. Lots of harvesting and filling those spots with Summer crops. The garlic was a huge success even the new bed that is mostly shaded in the Winter produced quite a bit. The onions are beautiful and so easy to grow! The kids love picking the carrots. They eat the fat and sweet orange part and feed the green tops to the rabbit. The Scrub Jay’s nest in the apple tree is still quiet. We’re expecting hatchlngs any day. The ducklings and chicken chicks are huge and gobbling up as many snails, slugs, earwigs and sow bugs as they can find.

We got bees! Our friend caught a swarm and brought it to us. They seem very happy in their new home. They are so docile. Anyone can pick blackberries right next to them. The Mullien is blooming in the yard and it’s so fun to watch the bees gather its bright orange pollen. They love the Borage, Yarrow, Toyon, Citrus blossoms and Senicio too. The yard is buzzing! The hive already smells of honey.

Ping Pong and Pi




All of the ducklings and chicken chicks are adjusting to their new life here. The resident Scrub Jays have decided to become part of the “flock” now that the chicks are too big to eat. They drink from the kiddy pool and eat the organic crumbles I put out for everyone. So, the backyard is full of birds. The Towhees have discovered the bird bath and try to use it whenever the Scrub Jays leave the yard to gather nest materials. It’s busy back there!

In April our friends in Fillmore gave us a duckling. Someone in their family had gifted their grandkids with two ducklings for Easter and only one survived. We were planning to buy ducklings when we returned home so we took it as a sign that we should take “her”. We did not know its gender or breed and so we were taking a chance. Well, “she” turned out to be another Pekin and here we are again. We are just hoping that “she” is a she. If not, “he” will be joining our other Pekins out on the pond. She’s certainly acting like a “she”. The new Khaki Campbells- Ping and Pong are convinced that Pi the Pekin is their mother. They sleep as close to her as possible and follow her everywhere. She loves the attention and seems to take the job quite seriously. When the chicken chicks went exploring in the berry patch today she ran out there and herded them back to the coop. A little later as I worked in the garden I heard lots of contented peeping coming from those same bushes so I guess they worked it out.

We hope to integrate the chicken chicks in with our single Rhode Island Red. While she was supposed to be weeding and eating snails today she flew over the four foot picket fence (no match for her) and went to meet the chicks. We have our fingers crossed that all will work out when it’s time to put them together. They can’t have the run of the yard like the ducks. Chickens are much, much harder on the garden. On a small lot such as this the chickens have to be penned and given specific places in the garden to work. We haven’t built them a proper chicken tractor (a portable open-bottomed pen with a top) yet but we certainly intend to do so.

Permaculture Pet Extraordinaire





In the latest issue of ‘RIPPLES- a revolutionary journal of seasonal delight’ published by Daily Acts (www.dailyacts.org) our backyard duck Dabbles is described as a “slug-eating Permaculture pet extraordinaire”. Bill Mollison once said something like, “You don’t have a snail problem. You have a dearth of ducks”. Well, he’s certainly correct. Our neighbors are now bringing us their snails and asking if they can borrow our ducks for a day. Even the kids at the local elementary school garden collect snails for us. It’s a family event to come through our back gate and feed the ducks what they’ve gathered.

We”ve learned a bit since we invited Dabbles and his mate Dee Dee into our backyard. We had not done any research on which duck breeds are best suited to backyard life and more importantly who lays the most eggs. We are an urban homestead so we have to stack functions as much as possible. The ducks eat slugs and snails, fertilize the garden, entertain us, and lay eggs! What could be better?

It was all going great until Spring rolled around and our male Pekin (Dabbles) started feeling his oats. The ducks and the chicken were all peacefully coexisting until about March. Then, what we humans saw as charming- “Oh, look! He follows us around the yard!” turned into “Hey, stop chasing me around the yard!”. And, “Oh look, he really likes the chicken.” turned into “Get off the chicken and stop pulling out her feathers!”. Lessons learned: Pekins are really big, bred for meat, just o.k. egg layers, and male ducks in general can really be a pain especially if you have other poultry around. If you don’t care about eggs and you just want a pair of pet ducks Pekins are great. They are charming, beautiful and will eat all of the slugs and snails they can find. They look really good in the garden too. They just weren’t the right choice for us. So, Dabbles and his mate Dee Dee now live on a farm near here with a two acre pond and lots of other duck friends. It was not an easy choice for us but we have to utilize every inch of this place so there was no room to house a renegade duck and his girlfriend. Dabbles really liked his purple turtle kiddy pool but I’m thinking he’ll like the pond even better.

We’ve done our research and learned that Khaki Campbells and Indian Runners are the best egg layers and well suited to backyard life. Enter Ping and Pong our female Khaki Campbell ducklings. They arrived last week at the local feed store and have moved right into our hearts. We also added three chicken chicks to our flock. Two Americaunas and a Barred Rock. We had a close call with the resident Scrub Jays (who find chicks tasty) but everyone is doing fine.